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新概念第一册115-116 课文详解

时间:2012-04-23 16:23 作者:尚华英语 点击:

摘要:1.Isn't there anyone at home? 家里没人吗? anyone 用于否定句及疑问句中。 试比较: There is someone at home. 2. Carol and Tom invited us to lunch. 卡罗尔和汤姆请我们来吃午饭。 句中的 to 是介词,后面跟名词 lunch 。 这句话还可以用动词不定式表

 1. Isn't there anyone at home?  家里没人吗?

     anyone用于否定句及疑问句中。

    试比较:There is someone at home.

2. Carol and Tom invited us to lunch. 卡罗尔和汤姆请我们来吃午饭。

    句中的to是介词,后面跟名词lunch

    这句话还可以用动词不定式表示;Carol and Tom invited us to have lunch.

3. It's nice and warm out here.  外面挺暖和。

     这里的 nice and 相当于 very 用于形容词及副词之前,表示肯定或加强语调的意思。例如:

    It's nice and warm sitting by the fire. 坐在火边温暖舒适。

    I didn't like the speech, but at least it was nice and short. 我不喜欢这次演讲,不过那倒是挺简短。

4.  Come and have something to drink. 来喝点什么吧。

      and 与动词原形连用,引出另外一个动作。例如:

     Come and have tea with me. 来跟我一起喝杯茶吧。

     You'll go and see her. 你去看看她。

5. There's none left.  一点都不剩了。

    left leave 的过去分词,修饰 none,表示剩下的没用完的

    There's enough bread leftwe don't have to buy more. 还有足够的面包,我们不必再买了。

语法 Grammar in use

不定代词

1every(每一),no(无),any(若干)及some(一些)可与onething构成复合代词,与where构成复合副词。不定代词可作主语、宾语和表语。

A作主语:

这些代词作主语时都作单数看待,因此使用单数谓语动词。

Everyone is asleep.  大家都睡了。

Everything is untidy. 一切都乱糟糟的。

Nobody has told me about it.  没有人告诉过我有关这件事的情况。

B作宾语:

I've got nothing to wear.  我没有穿的衣服了。

I've heard nothing. 我没听到什么动静。

I saw no one. 我谁也没有看到。

C作主语或表语:

There's nothing on the shelf. 架子上什么也没有。

There's somebody in the garden. 花园里有个人。

That's nothing. 那没什么。

2)与someany的用法一样,somebody/someone/ something/ somewhere一般用于肯定句; anybody/anyone/anything/ anywhere用于疑问句与否定句;nothing/nobody/no one/ nowhere相当于 not anything/anybody/anyone/anywhere:

Someone is asking to see you.

有人要求见你。

There's something under that chair!

那个椅子下有个什么东西!

I don't know anyone here.

这儿我谁也不熟悉。

Is there anything on this shelf?

这个架子上有什么东西吗?

I went nowhere.(=I didn't go anywhere.)

我哪儿也没去。

I saw no one.(=I didn't see anyone.)

我谁也没看到。

 

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