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新概念二课文精讲 A private conversation

时间:2012-06-16 15:20 作者:Jane 点击:

摘要:Lesson one A private conversation 私人谈话 【 NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS 】生词和短语 ★private adj. 私人的 it's my private letter/house ; private school: 私立学校 public :公众的,公开的 public school ; public letter 公开信 ; public pla

§ Lesson one
             
              A private conversation
                   
私人谈话


NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS】生词和短语

★private   adj.私人的 
it's my private letter/house
private school:私立学校

public
:公众的,公开的
public school
public letter 公开信 ;public place :公共场所
privacy
:隐私   it's a privacy. adj.
Private Ryan private soldier:大兵

private citizen 
普通公民   private life:私生活

★conversation  n.谈话
subject of conversation
:话题
talk.
可以正式,也可以私人的
conversation.
比较正式一些
let's have a talk
They are having a conversation.
conversation
用的时候比talk正式,意思上往往不非常正式.
talk
: 可正式可不正式

dialogue
:对话
China and Korea are having a dialogue.
正式
chat:
闲聊
gossip:
嚼舌头

have a + talk/chat/dialogue/conversation/gossip
名词变动词

★theatre   n.剧场,戏剧
cinema: 
电影院

★seat    n.座位 
have a good seat(place)
take a seat :
座下来,就座

take your seat/take a seat
Is the seat taken? 
这个座位有人吗?no/yes
sit  sit down ,please
seat  take your seat,please
be seated,please
更为礼貌

seat
是及物动词,后面有宾语
sit
是不及物动词,后面不加宾语
seat
后面会加人; seat sb;  seat him;  seat:让某人就座
sit     he is sitting there.
you seat him;

〖语法精粹〗
4.When all those present(
到场者)_D_ he began his lecture.(重点题)
A.sit   B.set  C.seated   D.were seaed
sit,sit down;  seat,be seated;take a seat

★play   n.

★loudly adv. 大声的

★angry  adj. 生气的
cross=angry ;  I was angry.He was cross.
annoyed:
恼火的;
I was annoyed.
I was angry/cross.
I was very angry.
be blue in the face; I am blue in the face.

★angrily  adv. 生气的
副词修饰动词

★attention  n. 注意
Attention ,please.
请注意
pay attention :
注意
pay attention to :
对什么注意
You must pay attention to that gril.
pay a little attention :
稍加注意
pay much attention :
多加注意
pay more attention :
更多注意
pay no attention   :
不用注意

★bear(bore,borne)  v. 容忍
bear,stand
I can't bear/stand you
endure :
忍受,容忍
put up with :
忍受
I got divorced.I could not put up with him
bear/stand/endure
忍受的极限在加大
put up with=bear=stand
bear n.
  white bear
bear hog :
热情(热烈)的拥抱

give sb a bear hug

★business  n.
business man :
生意人
do business:
做生意
go to some place on business:
因公出差
I went to Tianjin on business.
thing 
可以指事情,也可以指东西
It's my business
私人事情
it's none of your business

★rudely  adv. 无礼地,粗鲁地
rude adj.

TEXT

  Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. A young man and

a young woman were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly. I got very angry. I could not hear the actors. I turned

round. I looked at the man and the woman angrily. They did not pay any attention. In the end, I could not bear it. I turned

round again. "I can't hear a word!" I said angrily.
  "It's none of your business," the young man said rudely. "This is a private conversation!"
参考译文

    上星期我去看戏。我的座位很好,戏很有意思,但我却无法欣赏。一青年男子与一青年女子坐在我的身后,大声地说着话。我非常生气,

因为我听不见演员在说什么。我回过头去怒视着那一男一女,他们却毫不理会。最后,我忍不住了,又一次回过头去,生气地说:我一个字

也听不见了!
    “
不关你的事,那男的毫不客气地说,这是私人间的谈话!

【课文讲解】
Last week
go to the theatre
see a film,go to the cinema
go to the +
地点  表示去某地干嘛
go to the doctor's
去看病
go to the dairy 
去牛奶店
go to the +
+ 's 表示去这个人开的店
go to the butcher's
买肉
go to school:
去上学
go to church:
去做礼拜
go to hospital(
医院):去看病
go to the Great Wall
go home;
home相连一定表示没有事情可做,回家休息
I am at home
enjoy, enjoy oneself:
玩的开心
enjoy+sth :
喜欢,从当中得到一种享受
I like something very much./I love something.
I enjoy the class.
I enjoy the music.
I enjoy the book.
enjoy the dinner/film/progeam/game
were sitting :
当时正座在
过去进行时态 :过去的某个时间正在发生的动作
一个故事的背景往往用进行时态描述
I+be+v(ing)
The girl was reading a book in the garden.A boy came to her.
got :
变得,表示一种变化,got angry
I am/was angry
是一个事实

I got angry:
强调变化过程
It is hot.
It got hot.
got
取代be动词,got是一个半联系动词,可以直接加形容词
说话的时候喜欢用缩略.I'm not,he isn't,they aren't
写的时候会说
:I am not,he is not,they are not
I didn't do sth,I did not do sth
hear:
听见

hear+
:听见某人的话
I could not hear you.Beg your pardon?
I couldn't hear you./I couldn't hear a word./I couldn't catch your word.
I couldn't hear you clearly./I couldn't catch your words.
Beg your pardon? /I couldn't catch your words.
turn round:
转头
pay any attention
表示注意,pay attention; 对什么加以注意,pay attention to sth
not any=no
I could not bear it./you./the noise.
I can't hear a word.
美音:肯定 .I can,否定,I can't,只能根据上下文来定

hear a word, a word
等于一句话
He didn't say a word.
May I speak to Jim?/May I have a word with Jim?
It's none of your business./None of your business/It's my business.
I couldn't bear you.
This is private conversation!
private :
私人的,不想与别人共享
I can't hear a word.
hear a word of sb (actors)

Key stuctures   : 关键句型
Summary writing :
摘要写作
answer this questions in not more than 55 words.
写作当中的第一步从完整句子开始写起
KEY STUCTURES】 关键句型
Word order in simple statements:
简单陈述句的语序
陈述句一定是有主语,有动词,有宾语,有句号

看教材第2
  6        1        2         3         4         5         6
when?     Who?      Action    Who?      How?      Where?    When?
          Which?              Which?
          What?               What?                                              

Last week                 

1 ---主语一般有名词或代词构成
2 ---
谓语由动词充当
3 ---
宾语
4 ---
副词或介词短语,对方式或状态提问,往往做状语 I like her very much
5 ---
地点状语

6 ---
时间状语可以放在句首或句末  I like the girl very much in Beijing last year.
简单陈述句一定不能少的是主语

6.  Immediately left he.
He left immediately.

13. The little boy; an apple; this morning; ate greedily; in the Kitchen.
The little boy ate an apple greedily in the Kitchen this morning.

4   Game; played; yesterday; in their room; the children; quietly
The children played games quietly in their room yesterday.

主语——>动词——>宾语——>状语
状语: 放在最前面是副词,方式状语,表示状态/程度的状语,下面是地点,然后是时间
1.
主语和动词不能少
2.
如果时间和地点连在一起,先放地点,再放时间
如果问何时何地,是一个固定搭配  when and where

Multiple choice questions】多项选择题
Comprehension
理解
Strucures    
句型
Vocabulary   
词汇

(1)...b...
"They did not pay any attention"
pay attention: 
注意(在思想上)
notice:        
注意(=see 眼睛看)

(4)...
sitting behind
behind:     
...后面
in front of :
...前面 (相对静止的概念)
before :    
...前面 (+词、句子、一定和时间相连
)
above:      
...上面

ahead of:   
...前面 (+时间、位置)(动态的行为)
He arrived before six o'clock.
Before he came back
Ahead of time
He goes ahead of me.

(5) ...c...
how ——
对一个方式、状态提问
特殊疑问词对后面的答案提问
angry(adj)
how(adv.)——
对形容词、副词、介词短语提问
where    ——
用介词,地点
when     ——
用介词,时间
why      ——
because回答

(7) ...d...
any——
用在否定句和疑问句中
some——
用在肯定句中
none——
没有任何东西、没有任何人  None knows./None of us knows.
not any=no
not——
否定词,要放在非实义动词后面

He didn't pay attention
no——
形容词、修饰名词
I don't have any friends./I have no friends.
I have no time./I don't have any time.

(11)...
suffer:
遭受,忍受 (精神或肉体上)+痛苦
bear: 
忍受=stand
I suffer the headache.
He often suffers defeat.

 

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