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新概念二课文精讲 Please Send Me a Card

时间:2013-04-17 16:03 作者: 点击:

摘要:Please Send Me a Card 【 NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS 】 ★send v. 寄,送 send sth.to sb./send sb.sth give sb.sth./give sth.to sb. send/take children to school take: 某人亲自送 send: 通过第三人去送 ★postcard n. 明信片 send him a card namecar

                    Please Send Me a Card


NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS

★send  v. 寄,送
send sth.to sb./send sb.sth
give sb.sth./give sth.to sb.
send/take children to school
take:
某人亲自送
send:
通过第三人去送

★postcard  n. 明信片
send him a card
namecard/visiting card :
名片
Here is my namecard.
ID card:
身份证
credit card:
信用卡
cash card

★spoil(spoiled or spoilt) v. 使索然无味,损坏
break:
打破
spoil:
把东西的质量变得不好;生活中不顺心的事;宠坏,溺爱
His parents spoiled the boy.
宠坏
This spoiled my day.
What you said spoiled me.
His arrival spoiled my hoilday.
damage: 
破坏,程度不一定很重
destroy
:破坏,彻底摧毁

★museum  n. 博物馆
Palace Museum
:故宫

★public  adj. 公共的
private
public shool/place/house(pub:
酒吧)
in private:
私下里的

in public: 
公开的
Why not have a conversation in public?

★friendly  adj. 友好的
lovely adj.

★waiter  n. 服务员,招待员
waiter
waitress
chief waiter
shop assistant
attendant

★lend  v. 借给
borrow from
lend sth.to sb
lend sb.sth.

★decision  n. 决定
v. decide
make a big/great dicision

★whole  adj. 整个的
all the...
the whole...

★single  adj. 唯一的,单一的
double

Text

   Postcards always spoil my holidays. Last summer, I went to Italy. I visited museums and sat in public gardens. A friendly

waiter taught me a few words of Italian. Then he lent me a book. I read a few lines, but I did not understand a word.

Everyday I thought about postcards. My holidays passed quickly, but I did not send cards to my friends. On the last day I

made a big decision. I got up early and bought thirty-seven cards. I spent the whole day in my room, but I did not write a

single card!

参考译文

    明信片总搅得我假日不得安宁。去年夏天,我去了意大利。我参观了博物馆,还去了公园。一位好客的服务员教了我几句意大利语,之后

还借给我一本书。我读了几行,但一个字也不懂。我每天都想着明信片的事。假期过得真快,可我还没有给我的朋友们寄过一张明信片。到了

最后一天,我作出了一项重大决定。我早早起了床,买来了37张明信片。我在房间里关了整整一天。然而竟连一张明信片也没写成!

【课文讲解】

The baby spoilded my night.
Italian/Italy
and
先后往往是对等的概念
teach sb.sth.
a little Italian
I can speak a little English/a few words of English
think about:
考虑,思考
think over :
仔细考虑
last:
表示"上一个"或"最后一个",表示"最后一个"时要加冠词the
I spend the whole day in my room.
spend+
时间+地点

I spend three hours in the sea.
I spend my weekend at my mother's.
I spend three hours in the classroom everyday.
I spend a lot of time in traffic jam.

review
spoil
send/lend/teach sb.sth.
send/lend/teach sth. to sb
 
Special Difficulties

双宾语:直接宾语(表示动作结果)和间接宾语(动作目标)
give sb.sth.
sb: 
间接宾语
sth:
直接宾语
间接宾语在后面时,其前必须加to(……而言)或for(为……而做)
give a book to me.  I buy a book for you
take flowers to my wife.
order soup for you.
可以翻译为"给"、"替"、"为"的,就用for; 如果只能翻译为"给"的,
就用to
for相连的
  buy,order,make,find
find sth.for sb.
do sb.a favor
帮某人一个忙

Do me a favor please./Do a favor for me.
 
  Exercise
1.He paid some money to the shop-keeper.
3.The writer brought the man a bottle of beer.

What do you think of?
What do you think of the weather today?
cold,chilly,freeze, I'll freeze.
What do you think of TV program last night?

send somebody something
send something to somebody
give, take, pass, read, sell, buy
find something for somebody
make buy    Do a favor for me.
Can I order something for you?

Multiple choice questions

4.找特殊疑问词的时候一定要根据答案来决定
who whom
人做主语提问——who    对宾语提问——whom
如果对主语提问,则句子的的语序和陈述句语序一样

如果对非主语来提问,则句子要使用特殊疑问词+一般疑问句的语序
A
正确
Who/Whom did the waiter teach a few words of Italian?

5. He spoke to the writer like a friend.
in...way :
...方式
D
正确
friendly
单独用,形容词,一般做定语来用
作为状语表示这个人做什么事情很友好,用短语in a friendly way

7.whole  all the day;  all of us
C
正确
all of
后面如果加代词,代词前面不需要修修饰词
一旦要加名词,前面一定要加the
all of the friends    all of the students

10.the last day, final——形容词  end——名词/动词
bottom——
名词     形容词修饰 day
latest:
最新的   latest news    latest style

11.think about:考虑、思考、想
make up one's mind:
下定决心
change one's mind:
改变主意
make a wish
 愿望
B
正确

KEY STRUCTURES

dies  有具体的过去时间一定是具体的过去式
一般现在时
bought kept

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