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剑桥少儿英语音标

时间:2011-11-12 11:42 作者: 点击:

摘要:音标 发音字母 单词举例 单元音(12个) ︱ i: ︱ e, ee, ea sh e , sl ee p, t ea ︱ : ︱ er, ir. ur, or h er , g ir l, t ur n, w or k ︱ u : ︱ u, o, oo, ue, ou, ui r u ler, t o , f oo d, bl ue , gr ou p, fr ui t ︱ ɑ : ︱ a, ar ban a na, g

 

音标    发音字母                    单词举例
单元音(12个)
i:e, ee, ea                   she, sleep, tea
ɜ: er, ir. ur, or                her, girl, turn, work  
u:u, o, oo, ue, ou, ui          ruler, to, food, blue, group, fruit
ɑ: a, ar                     banana, garden
ɔ:a, al, or, au, aw, ore, oor     also, talk, horse, cause, law, before, door
ɪ  i, e, ee, y, a               it, become, coffee, body, orange
ə  a, o, or, er, u              about, polite, forget, river, autumn     
ʊ  u, oo, o, u                put, cook, woman, sugar
^  o, u, ou                  come, bus, young    
ɒ  o, a                     box, want   
e  e, ea                     egg, bread
æ   a                      map, and
双元音(8个)
a, ay, ai, ey               age, play, rain, grey
əʊ o, ow, oa               no, slow, road, boat
i, y, igh, eye              bike, why, night, eye   
ow, ou,                  cow, mouse, around
ɔɪ  oy, oi                   boy, toy, point, join
ɪə eer, ere, ear, ea, ier         career, here, ear, idea, fierce
air, are, ere, ear            air, care, there, wear
ʊə oor, ure, our               poor, sure, tour
鼻 音(3个)
mm                        me, coming
n︱  n                        soon, nose
ŋ n, ng                      pink, sing,          
舌侧音(1个
l清晰舌侧音l(在元音前)       long, love
     模糊舌侧音l(在元音和辅音后)   girl, apple
摩擦音(10个)
ff, gh, ph (唇齿摩擦音)(清)   feel, laugh, phone
v︱  v     (唇齿摩擦音)(浊)    vest, very, leave
θth     (舌尖齿背摩擦音)(清)  thank,tooth
ðth    (舌尖齿背摩擦音)(浊)this, they
ss, c, ss (舌端齿龈摩擦音)(清)bus, circle, class
zz, s, zz (舌端齿龈摩擦音)(浊)zoo, excuse, buzz
ʃsh, t, c  (舌端齿龈后部摩擦音)(清) sheep, action, precious
ʒ︱  s    (舌端齿龈后部摩擦音)(浊) measure, pleasure
h︱  h                         he, hot, ahead
rr, rr                        read, carry
半元音(2个)
ww                         we, away
︱j︱  y                         yes, yellow
破擦音(6个)
ch, tch  (舌前齿龈破擦音)(清)rich, catch
j, g, ge  (舌前齿龈破擦音)(浊)job, giraffe, large,
tr tr                         try, train
drdr                         dress, drink
ts︱  ts                         cats, rabbits
dzds                         heads, beds
爆破音(6个)
p︱  p      (双唇爆破音)(清)    pear, park, cup
b b, bb    (双唇爆破音)(浊)    bear, bean, rubber,
t︱ t       (舌尖齿龈爆破音)(清)tea, ten, foot
d︱  d      (舌尖齿龈爆破音)(浊)desk, dark, cold
kk, c, ck (舌后软腭爆破音)(清)keep, cat, back
gg, gg    (舌后软腭爆破音)(浊)gate, egg
 

  

新版国际音标元音音素和辅音音素表
单元音(12个):
长元音:[i:][ɑ:][ɜ:][u:][ɔ:]
短元音[ɪ][e][æ][^][ə][ʊ][ɒ]
双元音(8个):[][][ɪə][əʊ][ʊə][][][ɔɪ]
清辅音(11个):[p][t][k][f][s][θ][ʃ][ts][][tr][h]
浊辅音(15个):[b][d][g][v][z][ð][ʒ][dz][][dr][l][r][m][n][ŋ]
半元音(2个):[w][j]

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